The Programme aims to support the sustainable conservation and management of the natural and cultural heritage of the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve (YBR). This will enable progress towards MDG 7: ensuring environmental sustainability, by helping to conserve one of the world’s most biologically and culturally diverse areas through environmentally sustainable economic alternatives based on the community-based management of biodiversity and forest resources. This will be complemented by supporting national actions to establish tools to address climate change as part of the post-Kyoto framework and promote a post-oil economic model. The Programme will enable progress towards achieving MDG 1: reducing poverty, by promoting community-based biodiversity and natural resource management for vulnerable populations in order to create environmentally sustainable livelihoods. It will also help protect the rights of indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation (PVIs) in the YBR.